Personality Coherence research article

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Alex
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Joined: Fri Aug 10, 2018 9:27 pm

Personality Coherence research article

Post by Alex » Mon May 27, 2019 4:31 pm

This is a 10 pg article discussing different communities of thought as it pertains to "personality coherence". It starts with some background regarding a book by Gordon Allport printed in 1937 and then talks about various forms of conceptualizing the idea of personality coherence. Dabrowski fans are likely to find some crossover in subject material. Here's a short excerpt from early on in the article:

"Allport (1937) imagined that from the simplest possible integrations at the neuronal level, increasingly sophisticated and integrated patterns of organisation emerge up to the level of personality, which he defined as “the progressive final integration of all the systems of response” (Allport, 1937, p. 140) that is never fully achieved. For Allport (1937, 1961), the extent of personality coherence constituted a meaningful individual difference and a developmental marker of psychological growth."


https://www.researchgate.net/publicatio ... _Coherence

btillier
Posts: 25
Joined: Tue Jul 10, 2018 8:34 pm

Re: Personality Coherence research article

Post by btillier » Wed May 29, 2019 6:39 pm

The full book by Allport is available at the link below – there are also several other vital titles by him on this archive, for example, pattern and growth in personality and theories of personality.
https://ia801602.us.archive.org/9/items ... y_text.pdf

Alex
Posts: 14
Joined: Fri Aug 10, 2018 9:27 pm

Re: Personality Coherence research article

Post by Alex » Wed May 29, 2019 10:51 pm

Great, thanks Bill! Is there a single book or work by Allport that you find most interesting or most connected to Dabrowski's theory?

And I'm also curious, what are your thoughts regarding the cybernetic community's perspective on personality coherence?.. as well as the social-cognitive community and others if you have anything to share. But I'm most curious about your critique of the cybernetic or control theory perspective.

btillier
Posts: 25
Joined: Tue Jul 10, 2018 8:34 pm

Re: Personality Coherence research article

Post by btillier » Thu May 30, 2019 12:17 am

The idea of cybernetics was developed by Norbert Wiener and was basically focused on self-regulation in systems. There is a balance between stability and change in personality and the idea is to explain how personality can show both learning and adaptability to different situations and at the same time have long-term consistency. One of the key ideas in the systems approach and cybernetics is goal oriented behaviour facilitated by feedback mechanisms. These ideas were later incorporated into general systems theory. Systems approaches to personality have a long-standing tradition, for example, Allport (1960).

From Cervone and Shoda, (1999): The notion of personality coherence includes three interrelated phenomena. The first is coherence in social behavior and experiences. Across different circumstances, people’s experiences and actions are often meaningfully interconnected. People respond consistently across some contexts and display distinctive patterns of variation across others. The second phenomenon is the organization among multiple psychological processes. Personality variables do not function as independent mechanisms but as coherent, integrated systems. The third aspect of coherence is phenomenological. People generally achieve a coherent sense of self. They have a stable sense of their attributes and develop a coherent life story.

Coherence has been seen as an aspect of the integration of personality (Sheldon & Kasser, 1995).

Now, you ask about control theory. Open personality systems have many inputs and feedback loops. Again, back to the idea of how such systems maintain and stability over time — one answer is that these systems are autopoietic and self-organizing and have built-in control mechanisms. Iba (2010) may be a helpful reference to tie some of this together. If you have a closed system with total control it would be very difficult to adapt to new situations that are encountered in the environment. If you have a totally open system with no controls you would have no consistency over time. So, it looks as if personality has developed with elements of both.

Cybernetic ideas are still very much part of personality theory building, for example, see DeYoung (2015).

Now in terms of Dabrowski, all of Allport is important and interesting. Reflecting this idea of open and closed and stability and change is also the idea of integration and disintegration in personality. A personality that is totally integrated and rigidly organized, as Dabrowski described primary integration, would show very little development over time. Likewise, if you have total disintegration all of the time, you would not be able to function coherently in social environments. Does that help?

If you send me an email I'll shoot you all of these references. btillier@shaw.ca

Allport, G. W. (1960). The open system in personality theory. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 61(3), 301–310. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0043619

Cervone, D., & Shoda, Y. (1999). Beyond traits in the study of personality coherence. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 8(1), 27.

DeYoung, C. G. (2015). Cybernetic Big Five Theory. Journal of Research in Personality, 56, 33–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2014.07.004

Fournier, M. A., Di Domenico, S. I., Weststrate, N. M., Quitasol, M. N., & Dong, M. (2015). Toward a unified science of personality coherence. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne, 56(2), 253–262. https://doi.org/10.1037/cap0000022

Iba, T. (2010). An Autopoietic Systems Theory for Creativity. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(4), 6610–6625. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.04.071

Sheldon, K. M., & Kasser, T. (1995). Coherence and congruence: Two aspects of personality integration. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(3), 531–543. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.68.3.531

Alex
Posts: 14
Joined: Fri Aug 10, 2018 9:27 pm

Re: Personality Coherence research article

Post by Alex » Thu May 30, 2019 10:03 am

Excellent info, thank you very much for the reply and for the sources, your response was definitely helpful! I'll send you an email and take a look at all of these.

One more random thing- I remember reading that Dabrowski and Maslow corresponded a bit in their lifetimes (I assume they discussed psychological and phenomenological matters). Where do you consider the crossover to be strongest between Maslow's conception of self-transcendence (the 6th level in his hierarchy of needs) and Dabrowski's TPD? or how would you describe the similarities between Maslow and Dabrowski and their theories?

btillier
Posts: 25
Joined: Tue Jul 10, 2018 8:34 pm

Re: Personality Coherence research article

Post by btillier » Thu May 30, 2019 4:39 pm

hi there. begin by seeing the section on Maslow in http://www.positivedisintegration.com/Dabrowski201.pdf

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